Egypt

Al-Azhar Mosque and University

Al-Azhar University in Cairo is one of the oldest operating universities in the world. The Islamic university is connected to the beautiful and historic Al-Azhar Mosque.

The mosque and university are named in honor of Fatima Az-Zahraa, the daughter of Muhammad, from whom the Fatimid Dynasty claimed descent.

The mosque was built in two years beginning in 971 AD. The school of theology (madrassa) connected with it was founded in 988 as an Ismaili Shia school, but it later became a Sunni school, which it remains to this day. It claims to be the oldest Islamic university in the world, but this is disputed by the Kairaouine Mosque in Fes, Morocco.

Sultan Hassan Mosque and Madrasa

The Mosque and Madrasa of Sultan Hassan in Cairo is one of the largest Islamic religious buildings in the world.

Built between 1356 and 1363 by the Mamluk ruler Sultan Hassan, the scale of the mosque is so colossal that it nearly emptied the vast Mamluk Treasury. Historians believe that the builders of this mosque may have used stone from the pyramids at Giza.

Early in construction, some design flaws in the colossal plans became apparent. There was going to be a minaret at each corner, but this was abandoned after the one directly above the entrance collapsed, killing 300 people. Another minaret toppled in 1659, then the weakened dome collapsed.

The early history witnessed by the mosque was as unstable as its architecture: Hassan was assassinated in 1391, two years before completion, and the roof was used as an artillery platform during coups against sultans Barquq (1391) and Tumanbey (1517).

Ibn Tulun MosqueIbn

The Ibn Tulun Mosque is a huge and historic mosque in Cairo built by Ahmad Ibn Tulun. The oldest mosque in Egypt and one of the largest in the world, it is also famed for its lovely architecture and unique minaret.

Ahmad Ibn Tulun built this mosque from 870 to 879 AD in order to accommodate all of his troops. It was the third congregational mosque to be built in the Cairo area and the oldest mosque in Egypt that has survived mostly in its original form.

Ibn Tulun was the son of a Turkish slave of Mongol origins owned by the Abbasid Caliph al-Ma'mun. From these humble origins he rose to great power, founding the Tulunid Dynasty (868-905 AD) of Egypt
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Muhammad Ali Mosque

Completed in 1848, the Ottoman-style Muhammad 'Ali Mosque or Alabaster Mosque is the most noticeable in all of Cairo; for more than 150 years it has dominated the skyline.

When the Ottoman Muhammad 'Ali assumed power of Cairo in the 1800s he had all the Mamluk buildings of the Citadel razed and the complex entirely rebuilt.

The Citadel's appearance today is the vision of Muhammad 'Ali, particularly the mosque that bears his name. It was built between 1824 and 1848; the domes had to be rebuilt in the 1930s.Completed in 1848, the Ottoman-style Muhammad 'Ali Mosque or Alabaster Mosque is the most noticeable in all of Cairo; for more than 150 years it has dominated the skyline.



Kenya

The Riadha Mosque

The Riadha Mosque, Kenya (1902-3) Its style shows a clear evidence of influences brought to the east coast of Africa by settlers of Indian origin.


Jamia Mosque

Jamia Mosque' is a mosque located on Banda Street, Nairobi, Kenya in the Central Business District. The mosque is one of Kenya's most prominent religious structures, and the most important mosque in the country.Nairobi's largest population pray during Friday and other times of prayer. The mosque is recognizable by its silver domes, and two twin minarets.



Mali

The Djinguereber Mosque Masjid in Timbuktu is a famous learning center of Mali built in 1327.


Morocco

The Almoravid Koubba (also called Koubba Ba'adiyn) is the oldest building in Marrakesh and the only Almoravid building remaining in Morocco.

The Almoravids (1062-1145) were reformers and monastic-type warriors from the nomadic Sanhaja Berber tribe (in what is now Mauritania). After conquering their homeland, they expanded to Morocco in 1062 and eventually extended their empire all the way to Algiers.

The koubba was built during the Almoravid Dynasty and was probably an ablutions annexe for the Ben Youssef Mosque. For centuries it was covered over amid the many rebuildings of the mosque; it was only excavated in 1952.



Koutoubia Mosque

Located near the Djemaa el Fna, the Koutoubia Mosque is the largest mosque in Marrakesh. It is famed especially for its magnificent minaret, the oldest of the three great Almohad minarets remaining in the world.

Construction on the Koutoubia mosque began shortly after the Almohad conquest of Marrakesh, around 1150. Built on the site of an 11th-century Almoravid mosque, it was completed during the reign of Sultan Yacoub el Mansour (1184-99). Its name comes from the Arabic for "book" (koutoub), because there was originally a book market nearby.


Niger

The Yaama Mosque

The Yaama Mosque is a mosque that was constructed in 1962 in Yaama, a village in the semi-desert region of Niger. Niger is a landlocked sub-Saharan country in Western AfricaThe Yaama Mosque is a mosque that was constructed in 1962 in Yaama, a village in the semi-desert region of Niger. Niger is a landlocked sub-Saharan country in Western AfricaThe Yaama Mosque is a mosque that was constructed in 1962 in Yaama, a village in the semi-desert region of Niger. Niger is a landlocked sub-Saharan country in Western Africa


Somalia

The Mosque of Islamic Solidarity

The Mosque of Islamic Solidarity was constructed in 1987 with financial support from the Saudi Fahd bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud Foundation. It is the main mosque in Somalia's capital city, and an iconic building in Somali society.

For 16 years following the outbreak of the Somali Civil War, the mosque had been closed down. However, in 2006, with the rise to power of the Islamic Courts Union, it was reopened once again.



Tunisia

Great Mosque of Kairouan

Every city in Tunisia has a Great Mosque, but the Great Mosque in Kairouan is the most important of all. It is the oldest Muslim place of worship in Africa and is commonly regarded as the fourth holiest site in Islam (after Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem).

The first mosque was built in Kairouan in 670, shortly after the arrival of Muslim Arabs to North Africa. It was built by the founder of Kairouan, Sidi Oqba (the mosque is also known as the Sidi Oqba Mosque). The current mosque was built by Emir Abou Ibrahim Ahmad in 863.

For centuries, the Great Mosque of Kairouan has served as a pilgrimage destination for North Africans not able to make the long trip to Mecca. According to popular belief, seven trips to Kairouan was worth one hajj to Mecca.very city in Tunisia has a Great Mosque, but the Great Mosque in Kairouan is the most important of all. It is the oldest Muslim place of worship in Africa and is commonly regarded as the fourth holiest site in Islam (after Mecca, Medina, and Jerusalem).


Three Doors Mosque

he Mosque of the Three Doors or Three Gates Mosque is another important stop for pilgrims besides the Great Mosque in Kairouan, Tunisia. Its beautiful exterior makes it a worthwhile detour for non-Muslim visitors as well.

The mosque was founded in 866 AD by Mohammad bin Kairoun el-Maafri, a holy man from Cordoba, and it became a center for one of the Muslim religious brotherhoods that have dominated Islam in Tunisia.

Uganda

Kibuli Mosque is one of the biggest mosques of Uganda with a beautiful view over Kampala. For a small fee you can visit the mosque and the towers as well. Prayers are held five times a day and you can hear it from far.


Zanzibar

The mosque of Said bi Sultan at Mtoni